Labradors as service dogs


Labradors have a long tradition of working as service dogs.

In recent years these roles have become increasingly diversified.

From his origins as a hunting dog, the Labrador Retriever has arguably emerged as one of the most able, intelligent and useful animals ever to work with their human companions.

Let’s take a look at some of the roles that Labradors now play in enhancing and protecting the lives of people across the globe.

Assistance Dogs for the disabled

We are all familiar with the Labrador’s role in working as a guide for people with impaired sight, and most of us are familiar with the work of the international charity ‘Guide Dogs’, previously known as The Guide Dogs for The Blind Association.

A number of different breeds of dog are trained as Guide Dogs, but overall the Labrador is by far the most popular. Guide dogs play a vital role in supporting blind people, by allowing them to have more access to their community and live a more independent life.

Did you know: It takes around two years to train a guide dog, and costs over £40,000, money raised purely through the generosity of the public? If you can spare a few pounds today to help train a guide dog, here’s where to go:

Less well known, but equally important, are a range of other services performed by Labradors on behalf of people with other disabilities.

You can find out more information on the ‘Dogs for the disabled’   website in the UK.   And you can read about Rita, a very special service dog in this article about Rita the assistance dog

The tasks carried out by disability dogs are many and varied, from hearing dogs who let their owners know when someone is at the door, to disability dogs who help with essential daily tasks like unloading the washing machine. Routine tasks which enable the owner to live their lives without relying on other people.

Often unremarked but definitely worth a mention are our ‘unsung heroes’, the puppy walkers.   These are the people who take service dogs into their lives for that all important first year,  until they are ready for training.  You can find out more by reading our interview with puppy walker Helen Austwick.

Service dog for our Armed Forces

Labradors are also important members of our armed forces teams. Their incredible noses, bred to enable them to track wounded game, are also ideally suited to detecting tiny traces of explosive material.

In February 2011 a Labrador called Treo from Rutland, UK was awarded the Dickin medal with his handler Sgt David Heyhoe, for his role in protecting his human comrades from Taliban traps.

In the USA Labradors are also employed by the Marines in detecting IEDs in Afghanistan and other dangerous warzone.

They are highly regarded members of their teams, and are responsible for saving the lives of soldiers and civilians alike.

Drug and Bug Detection

Service dogs don’t just use their  noses in support of the armed forces.

police dogThey play vital roles with the police and custom and excise officials too.

Labradors, along with spaniels, play leading roles in drug detection throughout the Western World.

Patrolling borders at airports and ferry terminals, preventing illegal and dangerous materials from being brought into the country.

Labradors are also used by private companies, like pest control companies. Here they have been found to play an important role in sniffing out ‘bed bugs’!

Medical Detection Dogs

A more recent development has been the training of Labradors to detect all kinds of medical emergencies and health problems,  from alerting owners to an impending seizure,  to detecting low blood sugar in diabetics,  and tumours in cancer sufferers.

You can find out more about  these amazing dogs on the Medical Detection Dogs website.  This is another very worthy charity that needs all the help it can get.

Search and Rescue

In the appalling aftermatch of terrible disasters such as earthquakes and tornadoes, Labradors and other search and rescue dogs offer a lifeline of hope in detecting living humans trapped beneath piles of rubble or debris.

In the UK search dogs are used on a regular basis to search for missing people, the elderly or confused for example, and also hill walkers that have become lost in remote areas. For more information visit the National Search and Rescue Dog Association

Working Retrievers

Last but not least, is the labrador’s supreme ability as a working retriever in the shooting field. This is of course the labrador’s orginal purpose and true vocation, a role at which he excels and in which he is utterly at home, on land and on water.

You can find out more about the Labrador’s role as a working retriever by reading our article on gundog work in the activities section,  and by  visiting the ‘Gundog Club’ website.


Due to their intelligence, sensitivity and kind natures, the enthusiastic Labrador Retriever breed has been welcomed into so many walks of life.

From the police, to the armed forces, to private companies, but perhaps most importantly into our homes as well. Whether it’s as a supportive service dog, or a valued and treasured pet. The Labrador really is an amazingly versatile breed.

If you have any interesting stories about Labradors and the roles they play in helping humans, we would love to hear them in the comments box below!

This article was first published in November 2011, and has been revised and updated for 2015. 




  1. Would just like to say I have suffered with depression bad over the years on and of this year has been a particularly bad year for me. My brother brought me a beautiful golden lab on November 14 this year as a surprise early Christmas present and I can honestly say that Milo my puppy has turned my life around I can’t imagine life with out him his such a beautiful cleaver funny loving dog

  2. Me and my three year old chocolate lab Abby are a team for life she is my service dog my für child and my best friend .She helps me overcome severe anxiety disability and panic attacks. She is my hero.

  3. I have 3 amazing black Labrador retrievers Bailey (12 1/2, Kenna (7 1/2) and Kash (2 1/2) who are certified Therapy Dogs. Their job is to visit people in hospitals, nursing homes, hospice facilities and schools to provide love, comfort and emotional support to patients, families, students and staff members. They also visit libraries where struggling readers can read to the dogs to develop confidence and improve their reading skills. My labs are registered with Therapy Dogs International.