More recently this role has become increasingly diversified.
From his origins as a hunting dog the Labrador Retriever has arguably emerged as one of the most able, intelligent and useful animals ever to serve the human race.
This article looks at some of the roles that Labradors now play in enhancing and protecting the lives of human beings across the globe.
Assistance Dogs for the disabled
We are all familiar with the Labrador’s role in working as a guide to people with impaired sight, and most of us are familiar with the work of the international charity ‘ The Guide Dogs for the Blind Association’.
A number of different breeds of dog are trained as Guide Dogs but overall the Labrador is by far the most popular.
Did you know: It takes around two years to train a guide dog, and costs over £40,000, money raised through the generosity of the public. If you can spare a few pounds today to help train a guide dog, it would be much appreciated. Click here to donate.
Less well known but equally important are a range of other services performed by Labradors as service dogs for people with other disabilities.
Often unremarked but definitely worth a mention are our ‘unsung heroes’ the puppy walkers. These are the people who take service dogs into their lives for that all important first year, until they are ready for training. You can find out more by reading our interview with puppy walker Helen Austwick
Service dog for our Armed Forces
Labradors are also important members of our armed forces. Their incredible noses, bred to enable them to track wounded game, are also ideally suited to detecting tiny traces of explosive material.
In February 2011 a Labrador called Treo from Rutland, UK was awarded the Dickin medal with his handler Sgt David Heyhoe, for his role in protecting his human comrades from Taliban traps.
In the USA Labradors are also employed by the Marines in detecting IEDs in Afghanistan and other dangerous warzone, and in doing so these wonderful dogs help to preserve human life.
Drug and Bug Detection
Labradors and Springer spaniels (another ‘gundog’ breed) play leading roles in drug detection throughout the Western World. Working not only for police forces and customs and excise, but also for private companies too.
Labradors are also used by pest control companies to sniff out ‘bed bugs’!
Medical Detection Dogs
A more recent development has been the training of Labradors to detect all kinds of medical emergencies and health problems, from alerting owners to an impending seizure, to detecting low blood sugar in diabetics, and tumours in cancer sufferers.
You can find out more about these amazing dogs on the Medical Detection Dogs website. This is another very worthy charity that needs all the help it can get.
Search and Rescue
In the appalling aftermatch of terrible disasters such as earthquakes and tornadoes, Labradors and other search and rescue dogs offer a lifeline of hope in detecting living humans trapped beneath piles of rubble or debris.
In the UK search dogs are used on a regular basis to search for missing people, the elderly or confused for example, and also hill walkers that have become lost in remote areas. For more information visit the National Search and Rescue Dog Association
Last but not least is the labrador’s supreme ability as a working retriever in the shooting field. This is of course the labrador’s orginal purpose and true vocation, a role at which he excels and in which he is utterly at home, on land and on water.
You are very welcome to comment on this article in the comments box below. If you have any interesting stories about Labradors and the roles they play in helping humans, we would love to hear them.
This article was written by Pippa Mattinson. Pippa’s latest book Total Recall is a complete recall training programme for puppies and adult dogs
The Labrador Site is brought to you by Pippa Mattinson. Pippa's latest book The Happy Puppy Handbook is a definitive guide to early puppy care and training